President Obama’s three appointments to the National Labor Relations Board last year were ruled unconstitutional by an appeals court, but the appointees are still in place as the dispute moves to the U.S. Supreme Court.
“Obama’s recess appointments are unprecedented power grabs, which if left to stand will turn the constitutional separation of powers on its head,” said Tom Fitton, president of Judicial Watch, which has filed a friend-of-the-court brief in the case.
“Unfortunately, these recess appointments are one of many examples of this president acting outside of his constitutional authority. We hope the Supreme Court reminds President Obama that he is not above the law,” said Fitton, whose organization describes itself as a watchdog on the federal government.
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia ruled that the January 2012 appointments were unconstitutional, because the U.S. Senate was not in recess at the time.
Judicial Watch joined with the Allied Educational Foundation in the brief, which charges the president’s “alleged recess appointments to the NLRB are unconstitutional for the primary reason that the Senate was in session at the time of the purported appointments.”
“The president’s declaration that these sessions were invalid disregards the Senate’s authority to determine and administer its own procedures, including when it will recess and how it will conduct its business,” the Judicial Watch/AEF brief argues.
“The Senate alone can determine when it will hold session in conformity with its obligations and delegated powers by the Constitution.”
Wee reported earlier on the case when the appeals court ruled the appointments violated the law. At the time, Rep. Darrell Issa, R-Calif., said the correct next step in the dispute would be for the appointees to step down.
Issa, the chairman of the Oversight and Government Reform Committee, chided that the president, “who taught constitutional law, should’ve known better.”
“As the Oversight Committee examined in a hearing a year ago, President Obama’s appointments looked like an obvious election-year pander to big labor bosses,” Issa said.
He said the ruling made the decisions from the board itself suspect. “To avoid further damage to the economy, the NLRB must take the responsible course and cease issuing any further opinions until a constitutionally sound quorum can be established,” he said. “The unconstitutionally appointed members of the NLRB should do the right thing and step down.”
Issa said his committee has examined the unconstitutionally of the president’s appointments and the repercussions that his decision to bypass the Senate confirmation process for NLRB appointees would have on the troubled agency.
The chairman said it’s largely uncharted territory. In a statement at the time the review was conducted, Issa said that if the Senate can pass a bill and send it to the president for his signature, it is clearly not in recess.“But a ‘recess’ is exactly what President Obama has argued in justifying four recent appointments,” Issa said.
The members named to the NLRB were Richard Griffin Jr., Sharon Block and Terence F. Flynn.
“This is not a recipe for good government and effective rule making – it’s a recipe for constitutional crisis,” Issa said. In the unanimous court opinion, the appellate judges said the Obama administration’s arguments were not persuasive.
“To adopt the … proffered intercession interpretation of ‘the recess’ would wholly defeat the purpose of the Framers in the careful separation of powers structure reflected in the Appointments Clause,” the court said.
The Supreme Court previously has said the “manipulation of official appointments had long been one of the American revolutionary generation’s greatest grievances against executive power, because the power of appointment to offices was deemed the most insidious and powerful weapon of eighteenth century despotism.’”
Because of the potential for abuse, the “advice and consent” part of the Constitution requires Congress to approve presidential appointments, they explain.
Judicial Watch said there should be no confusion regarding the intent of the Founders. Furthermore, the brief argues, the Senate sets its own rules.
Obama’s flouting of the constitutional requirements has been cited as one of many reasons to impeach him.
Just in case you missed it – another Kenyan Obama was granted full residency status yesterday. Yep! An immigration judge in Boston on Tuesday halted the deportation of President Obama‘s Kenyan-born uncle and granted him status as a legal permanent resident.
Onyango Obama, half brother of the president’s late father, came to the United States in 1963 from Kenya on a student visa that expired in 1970. He has been living in the country unlawfully ever since. (Please remember this…)
Judge Leonard Shapiro ruled from the bench that Onyango Obama qualified for a provision in federal immigration law that allows immigrants who have lived in the United States since before 1972 and have “good moral character” to apply for legal permanent residency, also known as a “green card.”
The judge said Obama was a good neighbor and a gentleman and had paid his taxes. At the end of the hearing, the judge said, “Welcome to America.”
Obama had ignored a deportation order issued in 1992. His immigration status was not publicly known until he was arrested on suspicion of drunk driving in 2011 in Framingham, Mass., west of Boston. He allegedly told police at the time, “I think I will call the White House.”
Shapiro previously granted an asylum request for Onyango Obama’s sister and the president’s aunt, Zeituni Onyango, in 2010. She had been ordered deported in 2004 after her first asylum request was rejected.
Actually we became privy to this pitiful story about three days ago. As for me I could not write with good-conscience until I gathered more information.
Accountability – being a responsible, consider somebody or something to have a particular quality, to do something in a way that does justice to one’s abilities or character. We feel the need to further espouse that other characteristics of accountability are having insight based on explanation and description.
Approximately 3 years ago, as Uncle Omar was fighting deportation following a DUI charge, the White House asserted to The Boston Globe without any apparent qualification that Onyango Obama “has never met his famous nephew.”
That statement was untrue.
Uncle Omar testified at an immigration hearing earlier this week that the younger Obama had briefly lived with him for several weeks in the 1970s.
That testimony called attention to the White House’s contradictory statement and led the administration to recant the untruth in a new statement to The Boston Globe on Thursday:
“The president first met Omar Obama when he moved to Cambridge for law school,” said White House spokesman Eric Schultz. “The president did stay with him for a brief period of time until his apartment was ready. After that, they saw each other once every few months, but after law school they fell out of touch. The president has not seen him in 20 years, has not spoken with him in 10.”
The White House claims that the error was the result of failing to personally ask the president whether he had ever met, let alone lived with, his uncle. This time, the White House says, the press office asked the president.
The relationship is important because reporters have been investigating whether anyone at the White House has paid attention to or interceded in Uncle Omar’s immigration battles.
The White House maintains that Uncle Omar’s case was free of “any interference from the president or the White House,” according to the Globe. Well hellyeah! After all this did come from a fact fabricating pathological lair.
If there is anything whatsoever inherent about good, solid leadership is in the notion of how well a person acts whilst under pressure; subsequently, the good leader candidates display such notable characteristics as a hidden sense of answerability to what happens during the time of their watch.
Other unusual behavioral characteristics such as responsibility and under normal circumstances the real great leaders are sure to have a sense of liability. In other words, whatever may break, good, bad, or ugly the best leaders ostensibly find the center and it may not always be comfortable in the center but being ahead with information is always the key to solving huge problems.
Especially good leaders are never arrogant, because being arrogant defeats the very purpose of why the leader is deemed to be needed and effective. Moreover, as we know arrogance is just one of those defense mechanisms parading around showing the world that one has a behavior that shows that they are better than the rest.
So many times people in leadership positions display elements of conceit, egotism, and superiority; all the while they act with pride for their accolades. Case and point: the POTUS, Barack Obama, broke a number of laws, including bribery, misappropriation of taxpayer funds, as well as on a more personal level outright lied to the American people and fabricated data that one would hope we would have better guidance about it.
Just as when Solyandra went down within a month after Mr. Obama rendered over one half a billion dollars on what? He did not see it then anymore than through his arrogance does he see it now he believed himself to be more superior to the rest of us to make the energy investment even palatable. Now then here is my question: One can tell if a person has learned by their future behavior.
What we have experienced since is the cruel and unusual way he rallied Congress’ democrats (mainly through off book favors or simple bribery) in getting the adequate legislation to pass the Patient Affordable Care Act (ACA) and then he signed it into law.
We were angry then primarily because of the Executive Orders and Amnesty for about one million illegal aliens very much providing a bonafide reason to wonder about his mental well-being as well as did he have America’s best interests in mind? Now this Amnesty issue is looking to make “paths to citizenship” just for breaking the law – hey! That is our rule of law.
Democrats back over the border but that is another lie like ObamaCare, “Fast, and Furious, Benghazi” and all the green frauds like Solyandra.
Just so we are all on the same page – the title of this article is “Accountability” and we as well as mental giants are wondering where is the accountability for the President’s Blue Ribbon –Legacy named after himself…ObamaCare?
Still a website that doesn’t work proficiently that looks to take another billion dollars to get running correctly as well as the more than 70 percent of the American people who despise his intentional lying along with his cohorts Nancy Pelosi, Harry Reid, and Katherine Sibelius. Anyone, please name another profession that allows for this type of misconduct…
Let’s Stop the Federal Government from Ruining our lives. No your eyes are not deceiving you inasmuch as the title says “Running” and the tagline replaces a letter to make it “Ruining” our lives. In yesterday’s article we brought forth some opinions, positions, feelings, and musings from leader’s that would be laughing at today’s version of what we call “People of integrity, measured approval/disapproval ratings, and good leadership.” That is of course if they were alive today.
Then-Senator Lyndon Baines Johnson devised what has proven to be a brilliant strategy in which to silence and neuter America’s churches. His bill, which created the 501c3 tax-exempt corporation status for churches back in 1954, has over the decades, effectively muted America’s pulpits.
The vast majority of churches today are thoroughly intimidated by the threat of losing their tax-exempt status under the 501c3 section of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC). As a result, the vast majority of pastors are unwilling to address virtually any issue from the pulpit that could be deemed as political.
Add to the fear of losing tax-exempt status the egregiously slavish interpretation of Romans 13–that Christians and churches must submit to civil government no matter what–and a very legitimate argument can be made that Mr. Johnson not only silenced and neutered America’s churches, but that in effect turned them into agents of the state. More and more, the federal government is using pastors and churches to promote its big-government agenda.
Most readers are familiar with how the Federal Emergency and Management Agency (FEMA) created a program called “Clergy Response Teams” several years ago. Under this program tens
of thousands of pastors were instructed on how to assist the federal government in the event of a “national emergency.” Pastors were encouraged to teach Bible lessons from Romans 13 in which church members were told that God instructs them to always submit to civil authority unconditionally.
They were taught to encourage their congregants to turn in their firearms and to be willing to relocate to government-provided shelters if that is what the government told them to do. The last report I read noted that these Clergy Response Teams have been established in over 1,300 counties in the United States. We have been waiting so patiently in our reporting of real obliteration of materials that FEMA and other government agencies have spawned regarding the Federal Emergency and Management Agency (FEMA).
This is a grand old story now, but I need to ask you people about how you feel about such waste; moreover the reckless disregard for matters such as “church and state” doctrine. Just ask yourself “what if the circumstances were reversed?”
According to TheBlaze.com, “Community organizers are joining pastors across the country to educate and help parishioners sign up for Obamacare. The coordinated initiative, called ‘Health Care from the Pulpit,’ is being implemented by Enroll America, a non-profit with the goal of maximizing ‘the number of uninsured Americans who enroll in health coverage made available by the Affordable Care Act.’
“The program has already reached a number of churches across the nation. In Jacksonville, Florida Pastor John Newman is among those who invited community organizers from the group to his church to talk about the cost of Obamacare and the enrollment process.
“During the event, Enroll America invited congregants to fill out cards with basic information about themselves or people they knew who might be in need of health care, WJXT-TV [Jacksonville, Florida] reports.
“‘Our pastor, he keeps us real informed and grounded in what’s going on in the community, and he’s always bringing stuff to help us, so I love him for that,’ said one parishioner named Michelle Fletcher.
“Enroll America knows that pastors are trusted members of the community, which is why churches are a focus for education and information on the health care law.
“Through ‘Health Care from the Pulpit,’ the organization is working with faith leaders to ensure that people hear about availability–and with a captive audience in the pews, the move makes logistical sense.
“‘Pastors are trusted messengers. They’ll be able to get the story across, they’ll be able to relate to that story and they’ll be able to ask people to enroll in health insurance,’ Enroll America organizer Anthony Penna told WJXT.
We chose to write this little ditty about one of the most respected members of the Founding Era. Alexander Hamilton was the type of person who earned others’ respect. Actually this piece was written as a precursor to another set of articles — we hope you enjoy it.
“As riches increase and accumulate in few hands, as luxury prevails in society, virtue will be in a greater degree considered as only a graceful appendage of wealth, and the tendency of things will be to depart from the republican standard. This is the real disposition of human nature; it is what neither the honorable member nor myself can correct. It is a common misfortunate that awaits our State constitution, as well as all others”… Alexander Hamilton, speech to the New York Ratifying Convention, June, 1788
If there is anything that caused the Founder’s unrest amid perplexity it was definitely “human nature.” We find that Hamilton felt that as wealth increased the accumulated amount would be in but a few hands. We also understand him to make a gaff at society itself stating as luxury prevails in society then down go the virtuous affects of the majority of the people. However, we find that Mr. Hamilton is well versed in all matters of human nature by realizing neither he nor an honorable man would be able to correct it.
Notwithstanding however, we feel certain distrust in the morals of human nature that suggests that he either took the actions of humankind with great civility and/or the fact remained that Mr. Hamilton simply was not a trusting soul with other humans.
This axiom is observed in his public talking about taxation: “As to Taxes, they are evidently inseparable from Government. It is impossible without them to pay the debts of the nation, to protect it from foreign danger, or to secure individuals from lawless violence and rapine”… Alexander Hamilton, Address to the Electors of the State of New York, March, 1801.
This ideology was of course a new way of thinking especially when one is given the task of trying to set up a new economic, as well as a new political system, or in other words it was not like the King of the Commonwealth had his or her hand in your pocket.
Knowing the true history of Alexander Hamilton is a growth experience in itself. Let us start out when Alexander was a boy; uncharacteristically living on Nevis Island off the western shore of Miami, Florida. It is super valuable to understand that Hamilton was an inhabitant of Nevis Island, and although we are certain he had his business jaunts to St. Kitts he nonetheless lived on Nevis. Actually Mr. Hamilton was born on Nevis Island.
Quite interesting for us is in the notion that Hamilton went to work at either the bait Shoppe or the General Store most likely the same place for both. However, Alexander was only between the age of 12 and 13 years of age when he started working for the owners.
They marveled at his bookkeeping abilities; yet above all his business acumen was far above his chronological age and from the 16 or more hours per day these owners could find no reason to distrust Hamilton whatsoever.
Here is a quick chronology of Alexander Hamilton’s life to show what an incredible person he became. Alexander Hamilton was born in 1757 (or 1755). His parents, mother Rachel Fawcett Lavien, daughter of a Nevisian doctor descended from French Huguenots and James Hamilton, 4th son of a Scottish Duke, were never married; however, theirs was a liaison that lasted about 15 years.
Alexander was the second son of the relationship (his older brother was named for his father). Hamilton, naturally bright and enterprising, migrated to the North American colonies for education,* became caught up in the American Revolution, was selected George Washington’s chief military aide. He published many articles supporting the Constitutional Convention which established the United States of America. Washington appointed him Secretary of the Treasury and he worked tenaciously researching and writing the new nation’s monetary policy.
Then he set about raising funds to pay off the Revolutionary War debts and fund the administration. Hamilton was the President’s most prominent cabinet member and was relied by Washington in many realms.
*Interestingly enough it was the older sea-dawg partners who had raised the capital for Hamilton’s education. They put in money of their own and then either by auction or simple fundraising the people of Nevis raised the money for Hamilton’s education – out of respect for him.
The Senate bill does not say what President Obama thinks it says. Now I really truly and honestly hope that he has been given some misinformation prior to his speaking, or else it would be natural and very normal for one to infer someone is not being honest.
As for us, the entire matter of the Gang of Eight’s cum Senate bill is just a tad worse off than the original “Obamacare” travesty. During a very recent press conference Obama stated:
[W]e do have to deal with about 11 million folks who are in this country, most of them just seeking opportunity; they did break the law by coming here or overstaying their visa, and they’ve got to earn their way out of the shadows — pay a fine, learn English, get to the back of the line, pay their back taxes — but giving them a mechanism whereby they can get right by our society. And that is reflected in the Senate bill.
Somewhere in the White House, someone must have realized that Obama’s statement is not true.
The Senate bill does not make learning English a prerequisite for legalization. The Senate bill grants the Secretary of Homeland Security the discretion to wave fines for broad groups of illegal aliens. The Senate bill does not require back taxes of illegal aliens who never filed tax returns.
Jon Feere covered these myths in an op-ed for the Christian Science Monitor on May 13 earlier this year. The Washington Times wrote a story on the “back taxes” claim on May 21 in which it was noted that the “immigration bill’s authors acknowledged Tuesday that their legislation does not require illegal immigrants to pay all back taxes, saying it would be too difficult to make them ante up everything they might owe.”
President Obama’s language is not reflected in the Senate bill, but he has probably read similar language in immigration polling. Most polls that find support for a “path to citizenship” use language just as Obama did. One of the problems with those polls is that, like Obama’s statement, they do not describe the actual legislation that Congress is considering.
This is not the first indication that President Obama has not been fully briefed on the Senate bill. On October 24th, Obama remarked, “If there’s a good reason not to pass this common-sense reform, I haven’t
Well with the greatest of respect for the Office of the President just like Obamacare, Benghazi, Iran negotiations, and scandals within the highest echelons of government – don’t you think it’s time we had a POTUS that at least seemed more aware of the issues rather than simply going out and saying whatever?
Four months earlier, the Congressional Budget Office released a report on the economic impact of the Senate bill that predicted a decade of depressed wages and increased unemployment.
Comprehensive Immigration Reform
Several times we here at The Contemplative Thinker have brought data to support our claim when liberals are stalled during the debate or let us just bring it real now – when it gets too hot in the kitchen rather than leave, reassess, and make qualified recommendations – the liberal stays in and changes the subject.
Nowhere was this more pronounced by facts than during President Obama’s two campaigns for his current office. Realistically now, where are the subjects such as The Internal Revenue Service (IRS), the watchful eye of the Justice department’s spying on the personal particulars of reporters.
Again just think of this menagerie of bulls waltzing through a China Shop. We still have a record of offensive demography conducted by this current administration. How about Fast & Furious – or did anyone face trial or discipline when one of the weapons sold through this contemptible and dreadfully run operation was found at the same site of a tragic murder of Brian Terry an on duty Border Patrol agent. Or how about the continual and rather disgraceful display of “My own self-government” that lists President Obama as the number one asset to skirting Congress (Author’s title and emphasis).
Then again with whatever known agencies (NSA, FBI, and CIA) operating data albeit with cameras, credit cards, licenses, or anything rendered public – has anyone seen even a photo of the processing plants in Utah? Who worries, they have their own Court — FISA — that is accountable only to them.
So you do not particularly care for how a law is, albeit written or for what it stands for. Laws written by President Thomas Jefferson during the founding era. Ah the heck with it…let us change it, right Mr. and Mrs. Senator’s.
Disgusting! We have been writing about this rubbish for too long and the emphasis is changed or some liberal minded Representative from Maryland goes public and says, “…that’s a non-issue.”
Therefore we believe it is accountability time. The leaders of this administration have planned, organized, and befuddled everyone with their dishonesty. I wonder about the military…are they fed-up with being shot at, being dictated to by Afghan leaders.
The principles of this Administration are intending to treat all of us with the millennial mind-set. They have been for over five years and it is working. They may call it a “scandal” but I am still uneasy about giving anything to the IRS. How do you feel about knowing that US Attorney General Eric Holder, who has a Contempt charge against him, is gainfully employed by our government?
And here it is, the reason I sat to write was originally Obamacare yet he is betting we will continue to let that issue slide, and now even amidst a squirrelly deal with limiting Iran’s nuclear capabilities a brand new hat has been donned, Comprehensive Immigration Reform. Lord, please help us all!
“Dozens” of al-Qaida operatives may be living in the United States as refugees, ABC News exclusively reports. The FBI became alerted to the possibility after two Iraqis living in Kentucky after entering the United States as refugees admitted they had attacked U.S. soldiers in Iraq, ABC said in a report to be aired Wednesday night.
The arrests of Waad Ramadan Alwan, 32, and Mohanad Shareef Hammadi, 26, in 2009 prompted the bureau to assign hundreds of agents to a round-the-clock review of its archives of 100,000 improvised explosive devices collected in Iraq and Afghanistan for fingerprints.
The men were arrested in a sting operation in which an undercover operative offered Alwan the chance to ship heavy arms to al-Qaida in Iraq.
“We are currently supporting dozens of current counter-terrorism investigations like that,” said FBI Agent Gregory Carl, director of the Terrorist Explosive Device Analytical Center, known as TEDAC.
The FBI found Alwan had confessed to being an insurgent when he was arrested in Iraq in 2006. The next year Alwan crossed the border into Syria, where his fingerprints were entered into a database maintained by U.S. military intelligence in Iraq, who routinely collected fingerprints of Iraqis. In 2009, Alwan applied to come to the United States as a refugee. Federal prosecutors said Hammadi had been detained by Iraqi officials during the war. A senior Department of Homeland Security intelligence official told a House committee that Alwan and Hammadi “came in clean” in a check of their backgrounds. The Kentucky case caused the State Department to stop processing refugee requests from Iraqis for six months.
More than 70,000 Iraqis live in the United States as war refugees, and most of them are law abiding, say local and state officials. Both Alwan and Hammadi pleaded guilty. Alwan received a 40-year prison sentence. Hammadi received a life sentence he is appealing.
As you know we have done exhausted research especially since President Obama’s Auntie Zeituni Onyango was granted asylum. Then there was the “Diversity Lottery” and subsequent article. But when Barack Obama through Executive Memorandum decided to lower his deportations statuses by instead granting refugee status to “all comers” especially if we as a nation were engaged in combat with any of the multitude that are arriving day by day.
Google’s new Digital Attack Map reveals that the U.S. experiences daily cyber attacks. Though much of the map’s real-time cyber activity is untraceable, the map does confirm that China heavily targets the U.S. This underscores the need for the U.S. to make China feel a cost for its cyber espionage and theft.
Earlier this year, the cyber security firm Mandiant reported that the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has stolen hundreds of terabytes of information from over 140 U.S. organizations. Also earlier this year, the Commission on the Theft of American Intellectual Property reported that the U.S. loses $300 billion per year from cyber espionage,
chiefly from China. This does not even begin to calculate the national security risks the U.S. faces.
Is it just me or does ALL the bells and whistles sound off regarding Comprehension Immigration Reform?
Beyond threatening other nations, China’s cyber activities are also directed toward maintaining domestic control using the “Great Firewall” to censor online access and content. In fact, cyber actors within China targeted the personal email accounts of human rights activists in China, the U.S., and Europe. News of this latest breach drove Google to end its cooperation with Beijing, believing that China’s cyber exploitation cannot coexist with business security, private-sector profits, economic progress, or global Internet freedom.
Apart from securing its own cyber networks with essential legislation—focusing on supply chain security and private-public information sharing—the U.S. should turn from its current ambivalence and advance its cyber security internationally. Partnering with friends from around the globe would allow the U.S. to lead the struggle for Internet freedom and make cyber crime too economically and politically costly to continue.
Mind you – all things being equal – one of the biggest reasons why the USA advocates having the United Nations located in the U.S. is the notion of, “Keep your friends close, but always keep your enemies closer.”
If you would like further reading of this story please click here.
The deadliest drug problem in America is not heroin or cocaine or even crack cocaine. It is the abuse of perfectly legal prescription pain medications — familiar names such as Vicodin and Lortab and generic hydrocodone.
Therefore, having read that shocker of an opening statement, which certainly does not make it true; moreover, such a claim lacks any basis to the real problem.
We believe that the problem – or so referred to, is actually “What causes the addictive personality in America or in other areas around the globe?”
Starting with chocolate and moving through coffee (yep, tea is included) the list of what people get addicted to for whatever reasons are frequently connected with substance abuse; however, people with addictive personalities are also highly at risk of becoming addicted to gambling, food, pornography, exercise, work, and codependency. Scientists have been better able to understand addictive personalities as researchers delve further into understanding the chemistry of addiction.
Lately as in 1906 and 1972, as well as other times in the history of the U.S.A., manufacturers have been cited, fined, and penalized for having controlled addictive properties “naturally” in their products. On March 13, 1911,
the government initiated the case under the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act. It tried to force The Coca-Cola Company to remove caffeine from the Coca-Cola formula, believing that the product was adulterated and misbranded.
The product(s) that we are most familiar with is of course Coca-Cola. There has always been trace amounts of cocaine hydrochloride within the beverage or just about anything made from it. These two dates in particular resonate in my mind first, it was explained to me by a Coca-Cola touring associate whilst in Atlanta, Georgia and in the second instance, is when I started working at Shasta Beverages who also produces a Cola drink very similar to that of Coca-Cola; however, not nearly as good. One must understand that there is only one Coca-Cola Company.
Ironically while visiting the Coke store for memorabilia and gifts it was a bit surprising to find original cocktail trays stating in clear and decorative script “The drink that cures all ails and anything else that hinders you…” We did marvel over how the beverage was marketed with advertising and slogans that “Keeps you from fatigue,” and “Great for Stomach Disorders.”
Originally intended as a patent medicine when it was invented in the late 19th century by John Pemberton, Coca-Cola was bought out by businessman Asa Griggs Candler, whose marketing tactics led Coke to its dominance of the world soft-drink market throughout the 20th century.